Arabic is liturgical language of Islam and it has 1.7 billion followers. Spoken by 422 million people in Arabic literature is the writing, both prose and poetry, produced by writers in the Arabic language. The Arabic word used for literature is ''Arabic'' which is derived from a meaning of etiquette, and which implies politeness, culture and enrichment. Arabic literature emerged in the 5th century with only fragments of the written language appearing before then. During the middle Ages, literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages borrowed may words from it e.g. Greek, Spanish and Portuguese.
To raise student's adequacy in the Arabic language, the language of religion, meet the need of local community and to provide competencies which is necessary for personal and professional growth of the graduates.
The department of Arabic aims to develop higher education and graduate students with special competency in the Arabic language and its heritage and literature, and all that theories. In addition, the department aims to graduate students who can do scientific research have expertise that distinguishes them, and who can communicate with the local, regional and global community.
The Quran, widely regarded by people as the finest piece of literature in the Arabic language, would have the greatest lasting effects on Arabic culture and its literature. Arabic literature flourished during the ISLAMIC GOLDEN AGE but has remained vibrant to the present day, with poets and prose writers across the globe achieving increasing success. Prophet Muhammad (SAWW) said; “Adore Arabic for three reasons; I am Arab, the Quran is in Arabic and the language of the people of Jannah is Arabic”. Department of Arabic was established in Govt. Postgraduate College for Women, Ketchery Road, Multan, in 1948 since then, it has been giving the least results of other renowned institutions of the province.